Two years following its establishment, in 1892, the ARF-Dashnaktsutyun adopted a decentralized form of structure, which has evolved according to the conditions of specific periods.

Presently, the organizational structure of the ARF-Dashnaktsutyun is a decentralized worldwide structure, composed of organizational regions, each with grassroots local chapters. The local chapters annually elect their executive committees (Gomideh).

On a regional level, at an annual or biennial regional conference composed of locally elected delegates, the regional executive committee is elected. Regional conferences also elect delegates to the ARF World Congress, which is convened once every four years.

The ARF World Congress is the highest policy-setting organ of the party; it adopts or modifies the party’s Programme, statutes (regions decide on their regional structures), and strategy of the party. The World Congress also elects the party’s highest worldwide executive body, the Bureau. The regional conferences, guided by the strategy set forth by the World Congress, draw up their regional policies, which are executed by the regional executive bodies.

The ARF 32nd World Congress was held in January 2015, in Armenia.

At all levels of the organization, there are functional committees and departments which deal with specific aspects of the organization.